Granma , province, Eastern
Capital: Bayamo, city.
This province comprises the northern slopes of the Sierra
Maestra mountains and its western end, ending in Cabo Cruz,
as well as the middle and lower basins of Cauto river. The
southern zone is quite rugged, reching its highest altitudes
in the peaks Bayamesa (1730 m, 5674 ft) and Martí
(1722 m, 5648 ft), third highest in the country.
The rest of the territory is mostly plain. The southern
coast, abrupt due to the closeness of the mountains, is
low and swampy sometimes. The province is named after the
yacht in which Fidel Castro, together with 82 men, arrived
from exile in Mexico on December 2nd,1956 to start the guerrilla
fight in the mountains. The economy is mostly agricultural.
Outstand cattle-raising, rise production by river Cauto,
coffee, tobacco, vegetables, citrics, fruit, and sugarcane.
The woods of Sierra Maestra, fishing, and Manzanillo and
Niquero being the main ports are also important. There is
also marble and manganese ore deposits although industry
is little developed.